The Effect of Cervical Interbody Cage Morphology, Material Composition, and Substrate Density on Cage Subsidence

The Effect of Cervical Interbody Cage Morphology, Material Composition, and Substrate Density on Cage Subsidence

Author(s): Paul B. Suh, Christian Puttlitz, Chad Lewis, B. Sonny Bal, Kirk McGilvray J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Dec 22. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-16-00390

Interbody cages used in spinal fusion surgery can subside into the adjacent vertebral bodies after implantation, leading to loss of spinal height,… Read More »

Si3N4 as a biomaterial and its tribo-characterization under water lubrication

Author(s): Yılmaz Özmen Lubr. Sci., 28: 243–254. doi: 10.1002/ls.1329.

Hip implant wear is recognised as the main cause of hip implant failure therefore has been widely investigated both experimentally and clinically… Read More »

Ceramics and ceramic coatings in orthopaedics

Author(s): B.J. McEntire, B.S. Bal, M.N. Rahaman, J. Chevalier, G. Pezzotti Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 35, Issue 16, December 2015

Advanced bioceramics have played integral roles in treatment modalities for damaged or diseased human joints and osseous defects. This paper reviews the use… Read More »

Surface modulation of silicon nitride ceramics for orthopaedic applications

Author(s): Bal BS, McEntire BJ, Bock R, Jones E, Rahaman M. Transatlantic Orthopaedic Congress , October 3-5, 2014. New York: ICJR Press; 2014:1–2.

These results show that the surface composition and properties of Si3N4 can be engineered over a wide range Co, from a purely oxide (silica) sur… Read More »

Wear Prediction on Silicon Nitride Bearing Couple in Human Hip Prosthesis using Finite Element Concepts

Author(s): Shankar S, Nithyaprakash R. Proc Inst Mech Eng Tribol. 2014;0(0):1–8.

Wear is one of the important tribological parameter that increases the revision rate of artificial hip implantation. Silicon nitride (Si3N4) is on… Read More »

Mechanical and tribological behavior of silicon nitride and silicon carbon nitride coatings for total joint replacements

Author(s): M Pettersson, S Tkachenko, Susann Schmidt, Torun Berlind, S Jacobson, Lars Hultman, H Engqvist and C Persson. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2013;25(25):41–7. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2013.05.002

Total joint replacements currently have relatively high success rates at 10–15 years; however, increasing ageing and an active population places h… Read More »

Bioceramics for Hip Joints: The Physical Chemistry Viewpoint

Author(s): Pezzotti G. Materials 2014, 7(6), 4367-4410; doi:10.3390/ma7064367

Which intrinsic biomaterial parameter governs and, if quantitatively monitored, could reveal to us the actual lifetime potential of advanced hip j… Read More »

Bearing surfaces in hip replacement – Evolution and likely future

Author(s): Kumar N, Arora GNC, Datta B. Med J Armed Forces India. 2014 Oct;70(4):371-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2014.04.015. Epub 2014 Aug 4.

Total hip arthroplasty has evolved from the first total hip arthroplasty in 1938, through the revolutionization of hip arthroplasty by principles… Read More »

Future bearing surfaces in total hip arthroplasty

Author(s): Chang JD. Clin Orthop Surg. 2014;6(1):110–6. doi: 10.4055/cios.2014.6.1.110. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

One of the most important issues in the modern total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the bearing surface. Extensive research on bearing surfaces is bein… Read More »

Tribochemical Aspects of Silicon Nitride Ceramic Sliding Against Stainless Steel Under the Lubrication of Seawater

Author(s): Liu N, Wang J, Chen B, Yan F. Tribol Int. 2013;61:205–213.

Tribological behaviors of Si3N4 ceramic sliding against 316 stainless steel under seawater lubrication were investigated and compared with those u… Read More »

Orthopedic Applications of Silicon Nitride Ceramics

Author(s): B.S. Bal, M.N. Rahaman Acta Biomater. 2012 Aug;8(8):2889-98. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.04.031. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

Silicon nitride (Si3N4) is a ceramic material developed for industrial applications that demand high strength and fracture resistance under extreme operating conditions… Read More »

Fabrication and Evaluation of SixNy Coatings for Total Joint Replacements

Author(s): Olofsson J, Pettersson M, Teuscher N, Heilmann A, Larsson K, Grandfield K, Persson C, Jacobson S, Engqvist H. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2012 Aug;23(8):1879-89. doi: 10.1007/s10856-012-4625-3. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

Wear particles from the bearing surfaces of joint implants are one of the main limiting factors for total implant longevity. Si3N4 is a potent… Read More »

The Rationale for Silicon Nitride Bearings in Orthopaedic Applications

Author(s): Bal BS, Rahaman M. Advances in Ceramics – Electric and Magnetic Ceramics, Bioceramics, Ceramics and Environment 421-432.

Ceramic materials have remarkable properties that have fueled speculation about their potential applications in the biomedical field, where the ne… Read More »

Silicon Nitride Ceramics: The Future of Orthopaedic Surgery

Author(s): McEntire BJ. Ceramic Industry;Sep2010, Vol. 160 Issue 9, p26

The article offers information on silicon nitride ceramics, the next platform technology in orthopaedic devices industry. It notes how ceramic mat… Read More »

Silicon Nitride Bearings: An Alternative to Oxide Ceramics in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Author(s): Clarke I, Pezzotti G, Lakshminarayanan A, Burgett-Moreno M. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty. Kyoto, Japan; 2015:2969.

Introduction: Looking for optimal solutions to wear risks evident in total hip arthroplasty (THA), silicon nitride ceramic bearings (Si3N4) are noted for de… Read More »

Ceramics for Medical Applications: A Picture for the Next 20 Years

Author(s): Chevalier J, Gremillard L. Ceram Soc. 2009;29(7):1245–1255. doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.08.025

High-tech ceramics have always been associated to medical devices: they are used today as femoral heads and acetabular cups for total hip replacem… Read More »

A new fabrication method of low stress PECVD SiNx layers for biomedical applications

Author(s): Wei J, Ong PL, Tay FEH, Iliescu C. Thin Solid Films. 2008;516(16):5181–5188.

A new fabrication method to produce low residual stress PECVD SiNx layers at high deposition rates was developed and their biomedical applications… Read More »

Thermal Conductivity of Femoral Ball Strongly Influenced UHMWPE Wear in a Hip Simulator Study

Author(s): Bowsher JG, Clarke IC. Transactions of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society. San Diego, CA: Orthopaedic Research Society; 2007:0278.

Our study showed that UHMWPE wear increased logarithmically with increasing thermal conductivity of the femoral ball (R2 =0.99), thereby provin… Read More »

Covalent biofunctionalization of silicon nitride surfaces

Author(s): Arafat A, Giesbers M, Rosso M, Sudhölter EJ, Schroën K, White RG, Yang L, Linford MR, Zuilhof H. Langmuir. 2007;23(11):6233–44.

Covalently attached organic monolayers on etched silicon nitride (SixN4; x >/= 3) surfaces were prepared by reaction of SixN4-coated wafers with n… Read More »

Lubrication of silicon nitride and silicon carbide by water: Running in, wear and operation of sliding bearings

Author(s): Jordi L, Ilev C, Fischer TE. Tribol Lett. 2004;17(3):367–376.

The purpose of this work was to establish the conditions for the operation and break-in of water-lubricated ceramic bearings. The experiments cons… Read More »

Water Lubrication of Silicon Nitride in Sliding

Author(s): Jahanmir S, Ozmen Y, Ives LK. Tribol Lett. 2004;17(3):409–417.

Several studies have shown that the coefficient of friction of self-mated silicon nitride in water decreases from an initially high value to abou… Read More »

Single Asperity Tribochemical Wear of Silicon Nitride Studied by Atomic Force Microscopy

Author(s): Maw W, Stevens F, Langford SC, Dickinson JT. J Appl Phys. 2002;92(9):5103–5109.

Nanometer scale single asperity tribochemical wear of silicon nitride was examined by measuring the wear of atomic force microscope tips translate… Read More »

The Difference in Running-In Period and Friction Coefficient Between Self-Mated Si3N4 and SiC Under Water Lubrication

Author(s): Chen M, Kato K, Adachi K. Tribol Lett. 2001;11(1):23–28.

Running-in periods and friction coefficients of SiC and Si3N4 sliding against themselves under water lubrication were investigated with a pin-on-d… Read More »

Fundamental study for all-ceramic artificial hip joint

Author(s): Kusaka J, Takashima K, Yamane D, Ikeuchi K. Wear. 1999;225-229:734–742.

It is thought that all-ceramics artificial hip joints should have good geometric conformity between sockets and femoral heads to avoid stress conc… Read More »

Comparison of the Friction Properties of Four Ceramic Materials for Joint Replacements

Author(s): Zhou YS, Ikeuchi K, Ohashi M. Wear. 1997;210(1):171–177.

As the loosening of a hip joint is caused by the tissue response to polyethylene wear particles, ceramic-ceramic joints are needed for long-term o… Read More »

Effects of surface preparation on the friction and wear behaviour of silicon nitride/silicon carbide sliding pairs

Author(s): Blau P. J Mater Sci. 1992;27(1992).

Silicon carbide and silicon nitride specimens were fabricated to provide three different surface finishes. They were subjected to sphere-on-flat (… Read More »

The Effects of the Surrounding Atmosphere on the Friction and Wear of Alumina, Zirconia, Silicon Carbide and Silicon Nitride

Author(s): Sasaki S. Wear. 13030;134:185–200.

The friction and wear behaviour of ceramics, Al2O3, ZrO2(PSZ), SiC and Si3N4, were studied with three kinds of pin-on-disk machines under the foll… Read More »

Effect of Adsorbed Water on Friction of Hot-Pressed Silicon Nitride and Silicon Carbide at Slow Speed Sliding

Author(s): Ishigaki H, Nagata R, Iwasa M. Wear. 13029;121:107–116.

The effect of adsorbed water on the characteristics of friction of both silicon nitride and silicon carbide was studied experimentally using a pin… Read More »

Wear of Water Lubricated Silicon Nitride in Ball on Disc Test

Author(s): Iliev C. Tribol – Mater Surfaces Interfaces. 2010;4(1):15–25.

The ball on disc test configuration is preferred to the flat ended pin on disc because the ball is self-aligned and measurement of wear on the bal… Read More »

Ultra-Low Friction Coefficient in Alumina–Silicon Nitride Pair Lubricated with Water

Author(s): Ferreira V, Yoshimura HN, Sinatora A. Wear. 2012;296(1-2):656–659.

In a ball-on-disc wear test, an alumina ceramic body sliding against a silicon nitride ceramic body in water achieved an ultra-low friction coeffi… Read More »

Structure and Composition of Silicon Nitride and Silicon Carbon Nitride Coatings for Joint Replacements

Author(s): Pettersson M, Berlind T, Schmidt S, et al. Surf Coatings Technol. 2013;235:827–834.

SiNx and SiCxNy coatings were fabricated with high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS). The coatings microstructure, growth pattern, surfa… Read More »

Friction and Wear of Silicon Nitride and Silicon Carbide in Water: Hydrodynamic Lubrication at Low Sliding Speed Obtained by Tribochemical Wear

Author(s): Tomizawa H, Fischer, T E. ASLE Trans. 13028;30(1):41–46.

This report describes experiments on friction of Si3N4 and SiC sliding against themselves and against each other in water at room temperature. The… Read More »

A Review and a Fundamental Theory of Silicon Nitride Tribochemistry

Author(s): Dante RC, Kajdas CK. Wear. 2012;288:27–38.

The present work aims at providing a better understanding of the tribology of silicon nitride, an engineering ceramic with many applications in th… Read More »

An Analytical Observation of the Tribochemical Reaction of Silicon Nitride Sliding with Low Friction in Aqueous Solutions

Author(s): Saito T, Imada Y, Honda F. Wear. 1997;205:153–159.

Friction and wear of silicon nitride sliding against the same material is investigated in aqueous solutions: distilled water, 1% H2O2 and 3% NaCl. Read More »

Bioceramics for Hip Joints: The Physical Chemistry Viewpoint

Author(s): Pezzotti G. Materials (Basel). 2014;7:4367–4410.

Which intrinsic biomaterial parameter governs and, if quantitatively monitored, could reveal to us the actual lifetime potential of advanced hip j… Read More »

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