Silicon Nitride Bearings: An Alternative to Oxide Ceramics in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Silicon Nitride Bearings: An Alternative to Oxide Ceramics in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Author(s): Clarke I, Pezzotti G, Lakshminarayanan A, Burgett-Moreno M. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the International Society for Technology in Arthroplasty. Kyoto, Japan; 2015:2969.

Looking for optimal solutions to wear risks evident in total hip arthroplasty (THA), silicon nitride ceramic bearings (Si3N4) are noted for de… Read More »

Ceramics and ceramic coatings in orthopaedics

Author(s): B.J. McEntire, B.S. Bal, M.N. Rahaman, J. Chevalier, G. Pezzotti Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Volume 35, Issue 16, December 2015

Advanced bioceramics have played integral roles in treatment modalities for damaged or diseased human joints and osseous defects. This paper reviews the use… Read More »

Mechanical and tribological behavior of silicon nitride and silicon carbon nitride coatings for total joint replacements

Author(s): M Pettersson, S Tkachenko, Susann Schmidt, Torun Berlind, S Jacobson, Lars Hultman, H Engqvist and C Persson. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2013;25(25):41–7. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2013.05.002

Total joint replacements currently have relatively high success rates at 10–15 years; however, increasing ageing and an active population places h… Read More »

Bioceramics for Hip Joints: The Physical Chemistry Viewpoint

Author(s): Pezzotti G. Materials 2014, 7(6), 4367-4410; doi:10.3390/ma7064367

Which intrinsic biomaterial parameter governs and, if quantitatively monitored, could reveal to us the actual lifetime potential of advanced hip j… Read More »

Bearing surfaces in hip replacement – Evolution and likely future

Author(s): Kumar N, Arora GNC, Datta B. Med J Armed Forces India. 2014 Oct;70(4):371-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mjafi.2014.04.015. Epub 2014 Aug 4.

Total hip arthroplasty has evolved from the first total hip arthroplasty in 1938, through the revolutionization of hip arthroplasty by principles… Read More »

Future bearing surfaces in total hip arthroplasty

Author(s): Chang JD. Clin Orthop Surg. 2014;6(1):110–6. doi: 10.4055/cios.2014.6.1.110. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

One of the most important issues in the modern total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the bearing surface. Extensive research on bearing surfaces is bein… Read More »

Orthopedic Applications of Silicon Nitride Ceramics

Author(s): B.S. Bal, M.N. Rahaman Acta Biomater. 2012 Aug;8(8):2889-98. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2012.04.031. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

Silicon nitride (Si3N4) is a ceramic material developed for industrial applications that demand high strength and fracture resistance under extreme operating conditions… Read More »

Fabrication and Evaluation of SixNy Coatings for Total Joint Replacements

Author(s): Olofsson J, Pettersson M, Teuscher N, Heilmann A, Larsson K, Grandfield K, Persson C, Jacobson S, Engqvist H. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2012 Aug;23(8):1879-89. doi: 10.1007/s10856-012-4625-3. Epub 2012 Jun 12.

Wear particles from the bearing surfaces of joint implants are one of the main limiting factors for total implant longevity. Si3N4 is a potent… Read More »

Evaluation of silicon nitride as a wear resistant and resorbable alternative for total hip joint replacement

Author(s): Olofsson J, Grehk TM, Berlind T, Persson C, Jacobson S, Engqvist H. Biomatter. 2012 Apr-Jun;2(2):94-102. doi: 10.4161/biom.20710.

Many of the failures of total joint replacements are related to tribology, i.e., wear of the cup, head and liner. Accumulation of wear particles a… Read More »

The Rationale for Silicon Nitride Bearings in Orthopaedic Applications

Author(s): Bal, B. Sonny, Rahaman, Mohamed. Advances in Ceramics – Electric and Magnetic Ceramics, Bioceramics, Ceramics and Environment 421-432.

Ceramic materials have remarkable properties that have fueled speculation about their potential applications in the biomedical field, where the ne… Read More »

Cytocompatibility of high strength non-oxide ceramics

Author(s): Cappi B, Neuss S, Salber J, Telle R, Knüchel R, Fischer H. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2010 Apr;93(1):67-76. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.32527.

Oxide ceramic materials like alumina (Al(2)O(3)) and zirconia (ZrO(2)) are frequently used for medical applications like implants and prostheses b… Read More »

Ceramics for Medical Applications: A Picture for the Next 20 Years

Author(s): Chevalier J, Gremillard L. Ceram Soc. 2009;29(7):1245–1255. doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2008.08.025

High-tech ceramics have always been associated to medical devices: they are used today as femoral heads and acetabular cups for total hip replacem… Read More »

Fabrication and Testing of Silicon Nitride Bearings in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Author(s): Bal BS, Khandkar A, Lakshminarayanan R, Clarke I, Hoffman AA, Rahaman MN. J Arthroplasty. 2009 Jan;24(1):110-6. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2008.01.300. Epub 2008 Apr 28.

Winner of the 2007 “HAP” PAUL Award. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) bearings were fabricated from silicon nitride (Si3N4) powder. Mechanical testing showed that Si3N4 had improv… Read More »

Bioceramics for Hip Joints: The Physical Chemistry Viewpoint

Author(s): Pezzotti G. Materials (Basel). 2014;7:4367–4410.

Which intrinsic biomaterial parameter governs and, if quantitatively monitored, could reveal to us the actual lifetime potential of advanced hip j… Read More »

Ceramic Materials in Total Joint Arthroplasty

Author(s): B. Sonny Bal, MD, Jonathan Garino, MD, Michael Ries, MD and Mohamed N. Rahaman, PhD. Semin Arthro 17:94-101 2006. doi:10.1053/j.sart.2006.09.002

Bearing surfaces made of ceramic materials are an alternative to metal-on-polyethylene (PE) articulations in total hip arthroplasty and total knee… Read More »

Cytotoxic evaluation of silicon nitride-based ceramics

Author(s): C.C. Guedes e Silva, O.Z. Higa, J.C. Bressiani. Materials Science and Engineering C 24 (2004) 643–646. doi:10.1016/j.msec.2004.08.007

Silicon nitride-based ceramics are potential candidates as materials for orthopedic implants due to their chemical stability associated with suita… Read More »

Comparative investigation of the biocompatibility of various silicon nitride ceramic qualities in vitro

Author(s): Neumann A, Reske T, Held M, Jahnke K, Ragoss C, Maier HR. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2004 Oct;15(10):1135-40.

There is a controversy about the biocompatibility of silicon nitride ceramics contained in the literature, which appears to be related to a factor… Read More »

Results of 15-Year Clinical Study of Reaction Bonded Silicon Nitride Intervertebral Spacers

Author(s): Sorrell, CC, Hardcastle, PH, Druitt, RK, Howlett, CR, and McCartney, ER. Proceedings of the 7th World Biomaterials Congress, May 17-21, 2004, Sydney, Australia.

Thirty patients with long-term spinal degeneration problems underwent anterior interbody fusion of the lower spine using reaction bonded silicon n… Read More »

Si3N4-bioglass composites stimulate the proliferation of MG63 osteoblast-like cells and support the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow cells

Author(s): Amaral M, Costa MA, Lopes MA, Silva RF, Santos JD, Fernandes MH. Biomaterials. 2002 Dec;23(24):4897-906.

The in vitro osteocompatibility of a novel Si3N4-bioglass composite (70-30% weight proportion) with improved mechanical properties (fracture t… Read More »

Densification route and mechanical properties of Si3N4–bioglass biocomposites

Author(s): Amaral M, Lopes MA, Silva RF, Santos JD. Biomaterials. 2002 Feb;23(3):857-62.

The processing route and the final microstructural and mechanical characteristics of a novel biomaterial composite are described. This new materia… Read More »

Silicon Nitride and Related Materials

Author(s): Riley FL. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 2000;83(2):245–265.

Silicon nitride has been researched intensively, largely in response to the challenge to develop internal combustion engines with hot-zone compone… Read More »

Structure and Composition of Silicon Nitride and Silicon Carbon Nitride Coatings for Joint Replacements

Author(s): Pettersson M, Berlind T, Schmidt S, et al. Surf Coatings Technol. 2013;235:827–834.

SiNx and SiCxNy coatings were fabricated with high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS). The coatings microstructure, growth pattern, surfa… Read More »

Silicon nitride: the engineering material of the future

Author(s): Krstic Z, Krstic VD. J Mater Sci. 2011;47(2):535–552.

The purpose of this review is to present the recent developments in silicon nitride (Si3N4) ceramics and to examine the achievements regarding our… Read More »

Silicon nitride films for the protective functional coating: Blood compatibility and biomechanical property study

Author(s): Shi Z, Wang Y, Du C, Huang N, Wang L, Ning C. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 2012 Dec;16:9-20. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2012.06.020. Epub 2012 Aug 21.

Behaviors of silicon nitride films and their relation to blood compatibility and biomechanical have been interesting subjects to researchers. A sy… Read More »

Silicon Nitride Ceramics: The Future of Orthopaedic Surgery

Author(s): McEntire BJ. Ceramic Industry;Sep2010, Vol. 160 Issue 9, p26

The article offers information on silicon nitride ceramics, the next platform technology in orthopaedic devices industry. It notes how ceramic mat… Read More »

Point-Defect Populations as Induced by Cation/Anion Substitution in β-Si3N4 Lattice – A Cathodoluminescence Study

Author(s): Zhu W, McEntire BJ, Enomoto Y, Boffelli M, Pezzotti G. J Phys Chem C. 2015.

Point-defect characterizations in bulk β-silicon nitride polycrystalline ceramics were performed by means of cathodoluminescence (CL) spectroscopy… Read More »

On the possibility of silicon nitride as a ceramic for structural orthopaedic implants. Part II: chemical stability and wear resistance in body environment

Author(s): J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2008 Aug;19(8):2889-901. doi: 10.1007/s10856-008-3437-y. Epub 2008 Apr 15. Mazzocchi M, Gardini D, Traverso PL, Faga MG, Bellosi A.

In Part I, the processing, microstructure and mechanical properties of three silicon nitride-based ceramics were examined and their non-toxicity w… Read More »

A new fabrication method of low stress PECVD SiNx layers for biomedical applications

Author(s): Wei J, Ong PL, Tay FEH, Iliescu C. Thin Solid Films. 2008;516(16):5181–5188.

A new fabrication method to produce low residual stress PECVD SiNx layers at high deposition rates was developed and their biomedical applications… Read More »

The Effect of Accelerated Aging on the Material Properties of Ceramic Femoral Heads

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